Europe is presently devoting a very large wealth of resources to the construction of a continent-wide system of transportation infrastructures following the Guidelines for the development of the Trans-European Transportation Network (TEN-T). According to the revision of April 2004 of TENT1, its total cost is Ä 600 billion. TEN-T contemplates concepts and implementations such as Trans- European Corridors, Sea Motorways, Intermodal Terminals, etc. This implies a considerable economic and organizational effort which is expected to produce remarkable effects towards providing Europe with an efficient, competitive, cost-effective, as well as sustainable and more environment respectful logistic system.
Nowadays, one of the main objectives in European Transport Policy is to organise these axes of communication as a network, fitting out small and large urban nodes so that they can become platforms to offering intermodal and logistics services. In order to do this, interoperability, intermodality and co-modality need to become an effective reality.
The Projectís short presentation
In side of SIRLC Project is proposed conceiving and realizing of an informational system for a cooperative logistic network which is worshiped for SMEs located among the Romanian driveway of E60 European Highway (Bors-Oradea-Cluj-Brasov-Bucharest-Constanta). The European Highway E60 is a highway/freeway which is gone from Brest in Britannia, France and going from Romania to Constanta, passing by Nantes-Orleans-Basel-Vienna-Budapest-Brasov-Bucharest and has a longer of approx.3380km.
The partnership of formed consortium is going project achievement is proposed its doing for creating organize models and informational programs which are enable to assured access and coordinating the using of logistical infrastructure of SMEs located among the Romanian driveway of E60 European Highway, the companies being initial structured in groups with specific features (clusters).
In the same time is following the possibility application of new logistical concepts and using new technological infrastructures (GPS, GIS) and self-impact about logistical strategies of SMEs. The obtained results will be generalization for any of national driveways.
The logistic models will be elaborated and tested with real data for Romanian driveway of European Highway E60 without lost the connections with logistical structures at national level. Logistical network will be analyzing al national level for extension of possibility development estimation of logistical models realized.
The consortium has been thinking by partnerships in such a way to cover important locations of project (Oradea CO and P1, Cluj P3 and Bucharest P2 and P4), but in some time the partners are composed both university field UNI (CO and P4) and national institutions of research and development INDC (p2 and P3) and not at least of IMM (P1).
During project would be defining characteristics sizes and assessing parameters and will be elaborated methods of SMEs capacity evaluation and them availability for collaboration on logistical plan.
In order to be effective, the logistic system must be easily accessible and usable by all interested users. Among them, a relevant share is kept by SMEs, which constitute a large part of the Romanian economic tissue.
However, on one hand SMEs do not have, by definition, the sufficient dimensions to achieve scale economies in accessing to large logistic facilities, and on the other hand they also often lack resources and experience to adequately optimize their logistic activities.
For these reasons, among the expected results of the project there are procedures and methodologies that promote the coordination and the cooperation of the SMEs.
These are some of the reasons why SMEs nowadays show an increasing tendency towards aggregating into clusters (consortia, industrial districts, zones, areas, etc.) on a territorial basis in order to share common services and facilities, thus achieving higher efficiency and effectiveness levels.
These clusters may have quite different structures, depending on many different factors, such as the industrial sector, normative and legal regulations, economic incentives and facilities, etc.
The expected results of the project will consist in: metrics and assessment procedures to evaluate SMEsí interoperability, best practices for present technologies, guidelines for the effective use of technologies, needs, requirements and specifications for future or foreseeable technologies; and an analysis of the interplay between technologies and operations.
A Web Portal of SIRLC will be implemented, with working, communication, dissemination and connection functions. In the frame of the working function it will be experimented, verified and evaluated logistic concepts, used in the project.
The scope of the project
In general terms, SIRLC aims at devising organizational models and ICT tools apt to providing the access to, and to coordinating the use of, logistics infrastructures by SMEs groups suitably structured into clusters. Complementarily, new emerging (potential) services enabled by new technologic infrastructures (e.g. GPS, GIS, ubiquitous computing) and how they impact SMEsí operation will be analyzed.
General and specific objectives of the project
General objective of the project
- The general objective of the Action is to study means for SMEs to effectively interact and cooperate in taking advantage of the large scale transport and communication infrastructures using the available and foreseeable ICT tools.
Concerning the first of the above objectives, it aims at providing a catalogue of models (either logical or formalized), which could allow to identify the main nodes in a network and to estimate transport flows over large regions. The goal is to have evaluation tools for the most important transportation lines, together with some Key Performance Indicators such as to derive an estimation of efficiency / effectiveness / cost of the logistic system.
- Specific objectives
- More in detail the Action will comply
with some complementary objectives (obviously not excluding other
objectives and goals which may emerge during the action and that
need to be further defined):
- to develop procedures for gathering and
analyzing information on large transport networks, managed by
several different service entities/bodies, oriented to allow a
precise performance evaluation and contemplating both
organizational and technological aspects;
- to formulate organizational models, behavioral principles and management procedures for large-scale multi-agent goods transportation networks management evaluation and optimization, oriented to optimal allocation of resources and technologies and to optimal planning and synchronizing of flows.
With regard to the second objective, the aim is to develop and apply methods for identifying and optimizing both the structure and the management of a large-scale logistic network. To this aim, the potential utilization of procedures derived from production systems theory, as the Principal Flow Analysis could be analyzed, such to derive, in a preliminary way but very easily, an estimation of the most important lines, over which an optimized pattern of transshipment stages could be allocated.
Further, dynamic decentralized optimization methods can be also developed, such to plan main volumes in time. In this light, a first goal is to define models which allow to verify the adequacy of existing systems as well as of the flow pattern; the second goal is to define system innovation alternatives, based on optimized network structures and related volumesí configurations.